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269 Results for: "Activity and Environment"

Accelerometer-based physical activity and sedentary behavior assessment in Brazilian military firefighters: the Brasilia Firefighters Study – BFS

  • Presented on Oct. 2017

Introduction: Firefighting is known to be a high cardiovascular risky activity, involving elevated physical and psychological demands. We hypothesized that during a routine 24-hour on-duty period firefighters combine physical activities of different intensities/durations with long periods of sedentary behavior. Purpose: To evaluate the physical activity level (PAL) and sedentary ...

Proportion of children meeting recommendations for 24-hour movement guidelines and associations with adiposity in a 12-country study

  • Published on Nov 25, 2016

Backgrounds: The Canadian 24-h movement guidelines were developed with the hope of improving health and future health outcomes in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to the 3 recommendations most strongly associated with health outcomes in new 24-h movement guidelines and their relationship with adiposity (...

Regional sociocultural differences as important correlate of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in Swiss preschool children

  • Published on Dec 11, 2016

Question: Regional differences in physical activity in school-aged children and adults even within one country with the same political and health care system have been observed and could not be explained by sociodemographic or individual variables. We analysed whether such differences were already present in preschool children. Methods: Swiss children ...

The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity

  • Published on Dec 9, 2016

Background: The study aimed to investigate if psychosocial factors moderate the association between objective walkability and different domains of children’s physical activity (PA). A second aim of the study was to investigate the direct associations between psychosocial factors and children’s PA. Based on previous literature, it was hypothesized ...

The Physical Activity and Redesigned Community Spaces (PARCS) Study: Protocol of a natural experiment to investigate the impact of citywide park redesign and renovation

  • Published on Nov 14, 2016

Background: The built environment plays a critical role in promoting physical activity and health. The association between parks, as a key attribute of the built environment, and physical activity, however, remains inconclusive. This project leverages a natural experiment opportunity to assess the impact of the Community Parks Initiative (CPI), a ...

Preschool and childcare center characteristics associated with children’s physical activity during care hours: an observational study

  • Published on Nov 11, 2016

Background: Preschools and childcare settings offer opportunities to promote adequate levels of physical activity. Research is needed to identify the key features of these settings to optimize young children’s activity. The aims of this study were to determine if differences existed in preschool children’s physical activity during care ...

Park use is associated with less sedentary time among low-income parents and their preschool child: The NET-Works study

  • Published on Mar 2017

Introduction: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics ...

Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Mortality Risk Among American Adults

  • Published on Nov 2, 2016

Introduction: One major limitation of prior studies examining the influence of physical activity on mortality is use of self-reported measures. This study examined the association between objectively measured light physical activity (LPA) and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and all-cause mortality. Methods: This study included 5,562 adults from the 2003–2006 ...

Associations of Acculturation With Self-Report and Objective Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Among Latinas

  • Published on Sep 27, 2016

Background. Less than 50% of Latinas meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. Acculturation is a complex cultural phenomenon that may influence health behaviors, but associations between acculturation and Latinas’ activity and sedentary levels are unclear. Aim. To examine associations of acculturation with Latinas’ domain-specific and total PA as well as sedentary time. ...

A randomised controlled trial of multiple periods of outdoor free-play to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among 3 to 6 year old children attending childcare: study protocol

  • Published on Sep 2, 2016

Background: The implementation of physical activity interventions in centre-based childcare services has been recommended to improve child health. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of scheduling multiple periods of outdoor free play in increasing the time children spend in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during childcare. Methods: The study will ...