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463 Results for: "Children"

Daily Weather and Children’s Physical Activity Patterns

  • Published on Nov 2016

Introduction: Understanding how the weather affects physical activity (PA) may help in the design, analysis, and interpretation of future studies, especially when investigating PA across diverse meteorological settings and with long follow-up periods. The present longitudinal study first aims to examine the influence of daily weather elements on intraindividual PA ...


Proportion of children meeting recommendations for 24-hour movement guidelines and associations with adiposity in a 12-country study

  • Published on Nov 25, 2016

Backgrounds: The Canadian 24-h movement guidelines were developed with the hope of improving health and future health outcomes in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to the 3 recommendations most strongly associated with health outcomes in new 24-h movement guidelines and their relationship with adiposity (...


Regional sociocultural differences as important correlate of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in Swiss preschool children

  • Published on Dec 11, 2016

Question: Regional differences in physical activity in school-aged children and adults even within one country with the same political and health care system have been observed and could not be explained by sociodemographic or individual variables. We analysed whether such differences were already present in preschool children. Methods: Swiss children ...


Physical Activity and Changes in Adiposity in the Transition from Elementary to Middle School

  • Published on Feb 1, 2017

Objectives: This study examined the longitudinal associations of objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet quality with two measures of adiposity and a measure of weight status. Methods: A total of 658 children from 21 elementary schools (45.1% boys; 40% white, 33% black, 9% Hispanic, and 18% other race/ethnicity) were assessed at least twice in ...


The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity

  • Published on Dec 9, 2016

Background: The study aimed to investigate if psychosocial factors moderate the association between objective walkability and different domains of children’s physical activity (PA). A second aim of the study was to investigate the direct associations between psychosocial factors and children’s PA. Based on previous literature, it was hypothesized ...


Physical Activity and Pediatric Obesity: A Quantile Regression Analysis

  • Published on Mar 2017

Purpose: We aimed to determine whether moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were independently associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in children and adolescents. Methods: Data from the International Children's Accelerometry Database were used to address our objectives (N = 11,115; 6–18 yr; 51% female). ...


Preschool and childcare center characteristics associated with children’s physical activity during care hours: an observational study

  • Published on Nov 11, 2016

Background: Preschools and childcare settings offer opportunities to promote adequate levels of physical activity. Research is needed to identify the key features of these settings to optimize young children’s activity. The aims of this study were to determine if differences existed in preschool children’s physical activity during care ...


Park use is associated with less sedentary time among low-income parents and their preschool child: The NET-Works study

  • Published on Mar 2017

Introduction: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics ...


Study protocol: the Fueling Learning through Exercise (FLEX) study – a randomized controlled trial of the impact of school-based physical activity programs on children’s physical activity, cognitive function, and academic achievement

  • Published on Oct 13, 2016

Background: Physical activity (PA) is critical to preventing childhood obesity and contributes to children’s overall physical and cognitive health, yet fewer than half of all children achieve the recommended 60 min per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Schools are an ideal setting to meeting PA guidelines, but competing demands ...


Increasing physical activity among young children from disadvantaged communities: study protocol of a group randomised controlled effectiveness trial

  • Published on Oct 19, 2016

Background: Participation in regular physical activity (PA) during the early years helps children achieve healthy body weight and can substantially improve motor development, bone health, psychosocial health and cognitive development. Despite common assumptions that young children are naturally active, evidence shows that they are insufficiently active for health and developmental ...