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447 Results for: "Children"

A randomised controlled trial of multiple periods of outdoor free-play to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among 3 to 6 year old children attending childcare: study protocol

  • Published on Sep 2, 2016

Background: The implementation of physical activity interventions in centre-based childcare services has been recommended to improve child health. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of scheduling multiple periods of outdoor free play in increasing the time children spend in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during childcare. Methods: The study will ...


Effects of physical activity on schoolchildren’s academic performance: The Active Smarter Kids (ASK) cluster-randomized controlled trial

  • Published on Sep 7, 2016

Objective: To investigate the effect of a seven-month, school-based cluster-randomized controlled trial on academic performance in 10-year-old children. Methods: In total, 1129 fifth-grade children from 57 elementary schools in Sogn og Fjordane County, Norway, were cluster-randomized by school either to the intervention group or to the control group. The children in the 28 ...


Longitudinal associations of lifestyle factors and weight status with insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in preadolescent children: the large prospective cohort study IDEFICS

  • Published on Sep 2, 2016

Background: This study investigates prospective associations of anthropometrical and lifestyle indices with insulin resistance (IR) in European children from the IDEFICS cohort. Insulin resistance (IR) is a growing concern in childhood obesity and a central aspect of the metabolic syndrome (MS). It most likely represents the link between obesity and ...


Longitudinal Growth, Diet, and Physical Activity in Young Children With Cerebral Palsy

  • Published on Sep 7, 2016

Objectives: To describe the longitudinal relationship between height-for-age z score (HZ), growth velocity z score, energy intake, habitual physical activity (HPA), and sedentary time across Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I to V in preschoolers with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: Children with CP (n = 175 [109 (62.2%) boys]; mean recruitment age 2 ...


Household-level correlates of children’s physical activity levels in and across 12 countries

  • Published on Aug 25, 2016

Objective: Household factors (electronic media equipment, play equipment, physical activity in the home, and social support) have been associated with childhood moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), but little is known about how these factors differ across diverse countries. The objective was to explore household correlates of objective MVPA in ...


Neighborhoods for Active Kids: study protocol for a cross-sectional examination of neighborhood features and children’s physical activity, active travel, independent mobility and body size

  • Published on Aug 1, 2016

Introduction: New Zealand children's physical activity, including independent mobility and active travel, has declined markedly over recent decades. The Neighbourhoods for Active Kids (NfAK) study examines how neighbourhood built environments are associated with the independent mobility, active travel, physical activity and neighbourhood experiences of children aged 9–12 years in ...


Different Methods Yielded Two-Fold Difference in Compliance with Physical Activity Guidelines on School Days

  • Published on Mar 25, 2016

Introduccion: The aim was to compare the average and the days method in exploring the compliance of children with physical activity guidelines and describe their physical activity patterns in different school day segments. Methods: Physical activity was objectively measured in 472 children aged 6–13 for one school week. Children were compliant ...


Investigating elementary school children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviours during weekdays

  • Published on Mar 7, 2016

The purpose of the study was to quantify the contributions of physical education, exergaming (active video games that also are a type of exercise), recess, lunch break and after-school time segments to children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Participants were 138 second and third graders (71 girls) who attended 20-min ...


Changes in Individual and Social Environmental Characteristics in Relation to Changes in Physical Activity: a Longitudinal Study from Primary to Secondary School

  • Published on Oct 2016

Purpose: Physical activity (PA) strongly decreases when children make the transition from primary to secondary school. The study aimed to investigate how individual and social environmental factors toward PA changed when children (11–12 years) made the transition from primary to secondary school (13–14 years) and how changes in these factors ...


Gamification of active travel to school: A pilot evaluation of the Beat the Street physical activity intervention

  • Published on May 2016

Beat the Street aims to get children more active by encouraging them to walk and cycle in their neighbourhood using tracking technology with a reward scheme. This pilot study evaluates the impact of Beat the Street on active travel to school in Norwich, UK. Eighty children 8–10 yrs were recruited ...