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29 Results for: "Diabetes"

Longitudinal associations of lifestyle factors and weight status with insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in preadolescent children: the large prospective cohort study IDEFICS

  • Published on Sep 2, 2016

Background: This study investigates prospective associations of anthropometrical and lifestyle indices with insulin resistance (IR) in European children from the IDEFICS cohort. Insulin resistance (IR) is a growing concern in childhood obesity and a central aspect of the metabolic syndrome (MS). It most likely represents the link between obesity and ...


Physical activity and risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and ischemic stroke events: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

  • Published on Aug 9, 2016

Objective: To quantify the dose-response associations between total physical activity and risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and ischemic stroke events. Design: Systematic review and Bayesian dose-response meta-analysis. Data Sources: PubMed and Embase from 1980 to 27 February 2016, and references from relevant systematic reviews. Data from the Study ...


Changes in regional body composition over 8 years in a randomized lifestyle trial: The look AHEAD study

  • Published on Jul 28 2016

Objective: To test the hypothesis that an 8-year intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) suppresses aging-dependent changes in regional lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) among people with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods: Regional body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry within a subset of 1,019 volunteers (45–75 years old) ...


SCAPIS Pilot Study: Sitness, Fitness and Fatness— Is Sedentary Time Substitution by Physical Activity Equally Important for Everyone’s Markers of Glucose Regulation?

  • Published on July 2016

Background: Although moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is mainly recommended for glucose control, light physical activity (LIPA) may also have the potential to induce favorable changes. We investigated sedentary time (SED) substitution with equal time in LIPA and MVPA, and the association with markers of glucose regulation and insulin sensitivity after ...


Physical activity promotion in the primary care setting in pre- and type 2 diabetes – the Sophia step study, an RCT

  • Published on July 12, 2015

Background: Physical activity prevents or delays progression of impaired glucose tolerance in high-risk individuals. Physical activity promotion should serve as a basis in diabetes care. It is necessary to develop and evaluate health-promoting methods that are feasible as well as cost-effective within diabetes care. The aim of Sophia Step Study ...


Abdominal obesity as a mediator of the influence of physical activity on insulin resistance in Spanish adults

  • Published on Nov. 19, 2015

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and insulin resistance (IR) in Spanish adults and to examine whether this relationship is mediated by abdominal obesity (waist circumference — WC). Methods: The cross-sectional study included 1162 healthy subjects belonging to the EVIDENT study (...


A Randomised Controlled Trial to Reduce Sedentary Time in Young Adults at Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Project STAND (Sedentary Time ANd Diabetes)

  • Published on Dec. 1, 2015

Aims: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a serious and prevalent chronic disease, is traditionally associated with older age. However, due to the rising rates of obesity and sedentary lifestyles, it is increasingly being diagnosed in the younger population. Sedentary (sitting) behaviour has been shown to be associated with greater risk ...


Associations of Sedentary Time with Fat Distribution in a High-Risk Population.

  • Published on Nov. 10, 2014

Purpose: The effect of sedentary behaviour on regional fat deposition, independent of physical activity remains equivocal. We examined the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and markers of regional fat distribution (heart, liver, visceral, subcutaneous and total body fat) in a population at a high risk of type 2 diabetes ...


Associations of Sedentary Time with Fat Distribution in a High-Risk Population.

  • Published on Nov. 10, 2014

Purpose: The effect of sedentary behaviour on regional fat deposition, independent of physical activity remains equivocal. We examined the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and markers of regional fat distribution (heart, liver, visceral, subcutaneous and total body fat) in a population at a high risk of type 2 diabetes ...


Effects of Reducing Sedentary Time on Glucose Metabolism in Pakistani Immigrant Men

  • Published on July 23, 2014

Purpose: To examine the association between changes in objectively measured overall physical activity (PA), with changes in fasting and postprandial plasma insulin, C-peptide and glucose concentrations, in type 2 diabetes prone Pakistani immigrant men living in Norway and to examine whether this association is explained by changes in moderate-and-vigorous PA (MVPA) ...